Swat Valley in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is famous for its natural beauty. The capital of Swat is Saidu Sharif, but the main town is Mingora. The Swat Valley was once an important center for Buddhists as part of the Gandhara kingdom.
There are at least 100 archeological sites in the valley. Ethnic Afghans almost entirely inhabit the valley. The main language spoken in the valley is Pashto. It is a place of natural beauty with high mountains, green meadows, and lakes and is known as the Switzerland of Pakistan.
The Swat River originates in the Osho Range of Mountains and flows into the Swat Valley. The Swat Valley is located in the middle of the foothills of the Hindu Kush mountain range. It is bounded on the west by Chitral, Upper Dir, and Lower Dir, on the north by Gilgit-Baltistan, and on the east and southeast by Kohistan, Buner, and Shangla.
The length of the valley from Lindake to Gabral is 91 miles. The average width is 5 miles, and it varies from place to place. Swat’s economy is dependent on tourism and agriculture. According to the 2017 census, Swat district has a population of 2,30,9570, making it the third-largest district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa after Peshawar and Mardan. The Swat Valley is of great strategic importance as it is located in the region where South Asia, Central Asia, and China meet.